СЧ-1000 ballast cleaning machine is a self-propelled two-section track machine, it is designed for cleaning from ballast contaminants at the waysides, station tracks as well as near the platforms with the preliminary lifting and displacement of the railway track. The contaminants are removed aside from the track or into the special rolling stock. The cleaned ballast is distributed under the track skeleton. The ballast can be also cut out (without cleaning).

The works are carried out at any time of the day on straight and curved single-track and multi-track sections of the continuous welded rails and jointed track, of wooden or reinforced concrete sleepers of ordinary length, with all kinds of rail connections (spike-fastened, screwed, terminal-bolted).

The machine is a self-propelled two-section track machine. The sections are firmly coupled together (can be easy disconnected if necessary). The machine is mounted on four bogies (two traction bogies and two running ones). Both parts of the machine are interconnected by electric, pneumatic and hydraulic connectors.

Parameter nameRate
Track gauge, mm1520
Overall dimension for transport according to GOST 9238-831-Т
Wheel diameter nominal, мм950
Output of the cut out and loosened ballast with the cutting depth of 300¬–650 mm from the base of the sleepers without track shift, when operating with the ballast having humidity up to 5%, with the primary contamination of max 40%, on the straight or curved (radius at least 250 m) track section at the ambient temperature +5...+250C and failing atmospheric precipitation, with the track slope of 10% at most, when operated by qualified staff, m3/h1000
Operating staff, person5
Depth of ballast cleaning under the base of sleepers, mm:
maximum800
minimum300
Width of cleaning, mm:
maximum5000
minimum3900
Maximum geotextile width, mm5000
Cross slope of cutting, %±5
Maximum track slope, %30
Content of contaminants left in the ballast after cleaning, %, at most5
Grain of ballast returned on the track, mm20-70
Discharge of contaminants to the track side at a distance, m (from the track axis at the level of the rail head)6
Discharge of waste in the forward direction to the contaminants at a distance, m (at a height of 1.2 m from the rail head)2,5
Lifting device for the track skeleton:
operating lifting, mmот -50
Lifting device for the track skeleton:

lateral shear, mm
longitudinal shear, mm


до+180 до±350
Maximum track lowering (leveling) in the full cutting-out mode for one working run, mm400
Speed:
as a self-propelled machine, km/h80
as a part of a train, km/h100
during operation, m/h0-500
Minimum curve radius during operation, m150
Minimum curve radius when being transported, m120
Time required for charging (discharging) the machine, minutes, at most20
Fuel reserve, l, at least2 800
Weight of machine, t, at most181

All the working bodies, including the working cabin and the driver’s cab are installed on the extracting section of the machine:

  • highly-efficient bar element with a smoothly varying speed;
  • 1st conveyor for extracted material with sufficient transport capacity;
  • ballast receiver;
  • movable satellite with front and rear ballast distributor;
  • lifting device;
  • cribwork press;
  • hydraulic unit;
  • electric, hydraulic and pneumatic equipment for control and operation of drives;
  • operating cabin from which the machine is controlled during operation;
  • driver’s cab with a fully-featured station for one-way movement;
  • measuring and regulating systems.

The operating station contains:

  • diesel electric installation, which is the source of primary power;
  • powerful ballast screen with a drive;
  • 2nd conveyor for extracted material with sufficient transport capacity;
  • ballast conveyor;
  • waste conveyor;
  • conveyor with turn-table;
  • unit hood;
  • fuel tank;
  • electric and pneumatic equipment for control and operation of drives;
  • driver’s cab with a fully-featured station for one-way movement

In the operating mode, the machine performs:

  • cutting and cleaning from ballast contaminants at the waysides, station tracks including near the platforms with the preliminary lifting and displacement of the railway track, removal of contaminants aside from the track or to a special rolling stock;
  • laying of geotextile between the railway roadbed (cut surface) and a ballast layer, which is covered;
  • laying of cleaned ballast under the track skeleton;
  • cleaning of fasteners after ballast laying.

In transport mode, the machine moves as a self-propelled transport unit.  The machine can be transported unattended.

The machine has additional technological functions:

  • the ballast screen is set to the transverse horizontal position automatically during operation;
  • the machine is equipped with a measuring system for recording operation parameters;
  • cleaning of fasteners after ballast laying;
  • the machine lays geotextile between the railway roadbed (cut surface) and a ballast layer, which is covered;
  • the machine is equipped with a camera system and industrial TV to monitor the process from the operating cabin.
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